Role of oral anticoagulant therapy for secondary prevention in patients with stable atherothrombotic disease manifestations

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease are strong predictors of risk for a future ischemic event. Despite the utilization of effective secondary prevention strategies, the prevalence of ischemic recurrences remains high, underscoring the need for effective secondary prevention antithrombotic treatment regimens. To date, most of the tested approaches have been with the use of antiplatelet therapies, used either individually or in combination. However, most recent findings support the potential role of oral anticoagulant therapy in addition to antiplatelet therapy to reduce the risk of ischemic recurrences. This approach has been tested in both acute and stable settings of patients with cardiovascular disease manifestations. The present manuscript provides an overview on the rationale and clinical trial updates on the role of oral anticoagulant therapy, in particular rivaroxaban used at the so-called vascular protection dose, in adjunct to antiplatelet therapy (i.e. aspirin), a strategy known as dual pathway inhibition, for secondary prevention of ischemic recurrences in patients with stable atherosclerotic disease manifestations.

Cho SW, et al. Ther Adv Hematol. 2019 Jul 12;10:2040620719861475. doi: 10.1177/2040620719861475. eCollection 2019.