Topical Gels of Tea Tree Oil could Help Chronic Blepharitis

INTRODUCTION: It was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of two tea tree oil (TTO)-based cleansing gels in chronic blepharitis patients.

METHODS: Group-1 (basic gel containing 3%(w/w)-TTO) included 50 eyes of 25 patients and group-2 (advanced gel containing 3%(w/w)-TTO plus essential oils and vitamins) included 48 eyes of 24 patients. Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), tear breakup time (TBUT), ocular surface staining pattern, Schirmer’s test, impression cytology, Demodex presence and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β levels were evaluated at the first visit and 1 month after treatment.

RESULTS: In both groups, the mean OSDI score decreased (p1:0.001, p2:0.001), TBUT increased (p1:0.002, p2:0.004). In group-1, Demodex presence decreased from 42% to 27.8%; in group-2 from 54.2% to 20.6% (p1:0.302, p2:0.004). IL-1β and IL-6 decreased in group-2 (p1:0.002, p2:0.050). TNF-α decreased in both groups (p1:0.001, p2:0.001).

CONCLUSION: Both formulations improved ocular surface parameters. Group 2 showed more reduction in tear cytokines and Demodex count.

Ergun SB, et al. Comparison of Efficacy and Safety of Two Tea Tree Oil-Based Formulations in Patients with Chronic Blepharitis: A Double-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2020 Aug 17;28(6):888-897. doi: 10.1080/09273948.2019.1644349. Epub 2019 Aug 20.